Whether the same Java Batik Batik Hokokai with morning-afternoon? In the early history of the development of batik learn Java in particular, the authors often distorted information about both types of batik, especially when encountered a number of our customers call motif early in the evening as the Javanese Batik Hokokai.
Some references say that the morning-afternoon Batik popular during the Japanese colonial period, so popular when life was very difficult at that time so that the cloth was then ‘outstanding design with two motifs’ to be worn in the morning and afternoon with different motifs display each time (efficiency ). But actually, this motif was already there in the 1930s in Pekalongan, before the Japanese occupation (1042-1945).
Batik Hokokai name itself is taken from the name of propaganda youth organization established by the Japanese, who indoctrinate indigenous youth aged over 14 years on the concept of the Greater East Asia.
Originally Batik Hokokai not produced for the purposes of Japan but for people of Indonesia itself. Batik was originally ordered by people from Java agencies Hokokai for Indigenous people who are considered instrumental in the Japanese propaganda.
The characteristics of Batik Hokokai
Batik Hokokai have dominated decorative floral elements (flowers) meeting in each field, as developed in the Japanese occupation, cherry blossom motifs were incorporated into this batik. Other flower motif also appears as a characteristic of batik is including chrysanthemums, roses, lilies, or who occasionally appears that orchid and lotus. Other traits such as buketan recurring motif is present in this fabric
Although born during the era of Japanese occupation, but not many Japanese cultural influence ‘recorded’ in this Hokokai Batik motif. It is precisely the influence of other cultures that first there, such as China and Europe more influence developments Hokokai motif.
Call it the phoenix motif which is a symbol of beauty and elegance, originates from the influence of Chinese culture. Then the butterfly motif as a symbol of ‘Love Eternal’, adopted by the story of Sam Pek Eng Tay.
Called in a reference that Hokokai Batik produced in ‘workshops’ batik belongs to the Indo-European, Indo-Arab, and Peranakan, who are required to work for the people of Japan because of the quality of work they are very smooth workshop. While cotton fabric supplied by persons designated by the Japanese occupation forces.
Mentioned that Hokokai Javanese Batik motifs characteristic is the combination early in the evening, light motive months, and tanahan Semarangan. Batik Hokokai using the full background and details are combined with flowers in bright colors. Bright-moon motif originally was batik design in terms of three major ascending vertically above a simple background.