The role of Indonesian women in national development is an important and interesting issue. This is why the goverment supports women’s empowerment by issueing regulation Inpres No. 9/2000 of enhacing the role of women as equal to men. The Inpres states that development should be implemented by various approaches to solve the problems of women, who in fact are having many development fields and life aspects fallen behind. This regulation is very important for women to have equal access to various fields of development and achieve the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015 regarding gender issues of Goal-3 equality and empowerment and Goal-4 eliminate gender gap in basic education (Hubeis, 2010). The local govenment of Sragen has included the above issue into women’s empowerment program through the development of cooperation and small scale enterprises. The policy has not directed yet to provide specific activities for women, such as (1) equal access to opportunity in undertaking entrepreneurical activities, (2) equal access to have working capital, and (3) equal access to education and training of productive skills.
Wisata Kliwonan Village is identified as batik home industry, because most of women take batik jobs as their permanent side job using traditional or simple technology. They are mostly oriented toward local employers or UKM Batik (Small Scale Enterprises).The local UKM Batik to have need of female batik workers more than male batik workers, but this condition cannot guarantee to improve their position, status and role better or at least as equal to men. This condition is mostly affected by (a) women’s traditional mindset that still put them shackles on routine job as batik workers, (b) limited knowledge and idea the way to develop their unexplored potential talents, (c) lack of regular assistance to guide female batik workers in productive activities, and (d) low innovation way of behaving to develop productive activities based on batik home industry. As a matter of fact that female batik workers cannot solve those problems individually.Sindu & Kustati (2003) states that the self development of women is still possible to happen as long as the framework of women’s empowerment aiming at threeimportant aspects, working capital facility, market, training in management and productive skills which shackle women.
Empowerment is a long process that addresses to all sources and strutures of power. It is why an alternative empowerment model using female batik workers community as basis is introduced as innovative input to be considered for the promotion of women self development.
1. Problems of the Research
It has been observed that female batik workers constitute the basis of any type of local economic development. The empirical facts also indicates that they are doing both of domestic jobs and income earning activities to support their family. Majority of female batik workers play significant role and participation in batik industry development. However, the arrangement of women empowerment in practice is not fully applied due to several reasons. Therefore, the formulation of research problems will be focused to achieve the MDGs Goal-3 equality and empowerment, especially to increase female batik workers education and skills and their role as equal partners to men.
1.1. Purpose of the Research
- To analyse general condition, status and efforts of female batik workers to increase their working quality product, and their perception regarding the importance of increading knowledge, productive skills, prodand managing small scale productive activities.
- To analyse participation of female batik workers on batik industry development at Wisata Kliwonan Villlage.
- To formulate alternative model of women’s empowerment that coincides with their needs in future.