Indonesia has been known as a country which upholds moral values, cultural values, and philosophy delivered through artworks media. Almost every Indonesia artworks have their own cultural values, philosophy, and meanings, starts from dancing, performance art, until the art of processing textile materials, e.g. batik and woven fabrics. Batik has a very special place in the world archipelago. No other cloth in Indonesia archipelago, perhaps in the world as well, contains so much symbolism and meanings (Kerlogue, 2004: 11). Batik is a term that refers to a cloth which has been decorated by a wax resist technique. But sadly, as the globalization emerge and tendency to exalt developed country’s culture in school life, the young generation became no longer care about their own country’s moral and cultural values. Batik consider obsolete, not fancy, and only suit to the old generation because of its values. But the presence of contemporary batik become one of a solution to introduce and preserve cultural values to the young generation, such as mutual aid, patience, respecting others and nature, and the introduction to hierarchy. In modern design world, in this case for interior design, there is a basic design subject which gives a lesson to the young designers of composing the elements and design principals as design sensitivity training. One of the tasks is making a pattern composition using local content and batik is a complex local pattern that commonly use. Therefore, this subject may become a good tool to introduce the local values and meaning to the young designers so that they can apply it in their future design to compete in global market. This research is an initial effort that has been done to enhance the knowledge, sense of belonging, and deeper comprehension to the local Indonesia values through basic design subject which the result may be applied into furniture and interior element.
Culture is a pattern of meaning that is thoroughly intertwined in symbols and transmitted historically (Abdullah, 2006: 1). Culture is often considered as a blue print that has became guidance in the course of human life which affect their behavior. Furthermore, culture is a system of inherited conception in a form of symbol that in this way people can communicate, preserve, and develop knowledge and attitude towards life. Culture may come in a form of physic and non-physical objects. Human beings are social being who require socializing and communicating with each other day by day. They may communicate verbally and symbolically to deliver their ideas or intention and to teach their next generation about life values. Our ancestors used to imply their means in some kinds of media, which one of those is through batik process making, besides its etiquette and pattern symbols. The techniques of batik making generally delivered through informal ways and became daily activities.
The Javanese word “batik”, commonly, refers to a cloth which has been decorate by a wax resist technique. However, batik initially refer to a technique to create a pattern by using wax as resistance, which allow it to be applied in any kind of materials such as fabrics (cotton, silk, and drab in common) as cloths, woods as furniture or partition, or even paper as decorative elements. These wide ranges of material possibilities should be responded as an opportunity to develop batik even more.
To enter the era of global market, the industry of creative media is begun to be ogled as the industry with a broad market share. Our local designers are those who are expected able to sustain this industry. Designers are creative groups whom are hoped able to apply and develop batik especially in global market era by 2015. Unfortunately, young Indonesia’s designers tend to see batik as obsolete things to do and too ancient to compete in modern era. However, the claim of batik as Malaysia’s heritage awoke Indonesians to preserve batik and develop it. As a response to introduce batik to the young designers and allow them to develop batik in their creations, batik is now applied as one of the subject to learn especially in basic design course.
This research is done by using qualitative method. Researchers did observation, literature studies, and interview to collect information. Observation made by observing students in basic design studios (during pattern making subject) while interviews are done to the lecturer and tutors for this basic design studio, students who had done this pattern making subject in basic design studio, batik makers, batik experts, and batik workshop owners in Surabaya. This research use basic design studio in Interior Design Department Petra Christian University Surabaya as a sample which include 1 lecturer, 3 batik experts, 10 tutors, 123 students of class 2010 as respondents excluding some batik makers and batik workshop owners in Surabaya. The information will be arranged and presented descriptively.
Every design may consist of some elements to be developed and composed in every creation that is called design element. Design elements are basic units of a visual image. The design elements are:
- Form / mass (3 dimensional object)
Elements of the existing design are a work of art that is automatically formed. Every artwork must have certain form, which when it simplified will become a competition of spot, line, or shape with the use of certain color to bring depth. In every shape, it may include the use of size, direction, colors, and textures, which occupy a space of design whether in 2D or 3D (Sanyoto, 2010: 7). These elements can be found in batik since batik is an example of Indonesian complex pattern.
The design principles are concepts used to organize or arrange the structural elements of design. Good applications of design principals in composing design elements may come up to a good design which we call it have achieved the “unity”. According to Sanyoto (2010:7), to achieve unity, design principles that can be used are: