Althought Central Java is the centre of Javanese Batik, the design evolves according to the part of the region where it is manufactured. We are introducing the different kind of designs which are related to the usage in the day-to-day life as well as in the celebrations and finaly their characteristics by location as Yogyakarta, Surakarta or Solo, Pekalongan and Indramaju (or Indramayu).
There is two main kind of batik designs: geometric and non-geometric.
Classified under the geometric designs are Diagonal or Parang motif
* Squares, rectangles crosses or Ceplok
* and Kawung Weaving or Limar motifs
Banji is probably the oldest type of motif used for batik. It is based on a cross with arms called swastika. It was originated from Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo). The use of Banji in South East Asia is coming back from the Hindu-Buddhist period. The word “Swastika” is coming from Sanskrit and means “well-being” and the word “banji” is of Chinese origin.
The Kawung is an other oldest known batik patterns. It was in use in the royal courts of Java, It is built up from circular or elliptical shapes that touch or overlap.